【“SEM管理科学”青年学者论坛】尹海涛:The Long-run Effects of Air Pollution on Human Capital, Knowledge and Innovation Accumulation(6月22日)

  • 日期:2022-06-13

 

报告题目:The Long-run Effects of Air Pollution on Human Capital, Knowledge and Innovation Accumulation

 

报告人:尹海涛    上海交通大学

 

报告时间:2022年6月22日(周三) 16:00-17:30

 

腾讯会议ID405 2661 9163

 

内容摘要

This paper estimates the long-run effects of air pollution on firm-level human capital, knowledge, and innovation accumulation using a rich dataset that covers more than 90 percent of industrial knowledge and innovation in China and includes 46 two-digit industries. We use a dynamic growth model to theoretically analyze the effects of air pollution on human capital, knowledge, and long-run economic growth. Exploiting the spatial discontinuity induced by China’s Huai River heating policy, we empirically show that air pollution decreases the quality of firm-level human capital by reducing the proportion of R&D staff with PhD and master degrees and increasing the proportion of R&D staff with bachelor degrees. Our quasi-experimental approach also illustrates that air pollution decreases the quality of knowledge and innovation: reducing innovations that demand a high level of creativity such as publications and invention patents and increasing innovations with a relatively low level of creativity such as design patents. A difference-in-discontinuity estimation shows that government subsidies for firms’ R&D activities do not bridge the gaps of human capital, knowledge, and innovation between firms in the north and south.

 

主讲人简介

尹海涛,上海交通大学安泰经济与管理学院教授,副院长。国家万人计划哲学社会科学领军人才、国家自然科学基金优秀青年、中组部青年拔尖人才。分别于1998年和2001年获北京大学法学学士和管理学硕士学位,2006年在宾夕法尼亚大学沃顿商学院毕业,获得应用经济学和管理科学博士学位。主要从事环境经济与政策、能源经济与政策的研究。论文发表在在Journal of Law and Economics, Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, Journal of International Business Studies, Production and Operations Management, Energy Journal, Environmental and Resource Economics等国际主流学术期刊。曾获美国公共政策与管理学会最佳博士毕业论文奖、美国风险分析学会(Society for Risk Analysis)年度最佳论文奖。